Gum disease is an infection which can develop within the bones and tissues that surround a patient’s teeth. Other names for gum disease include gingivitis or periodontitis. Gingivitis is a form of gum disease which mainly impacts the gums. Periodontitis on the other hand is considered as a more serious type of gum disease because as it damages the bone and all the tissues that support your teeth.
Factors behind Gum Disease
Gum disease takes place when the germs (bacteria) develops and are allowed to accumulate on the gums and teeth. Some of these germs will produce a toxin. When this happens, it causes both irritation and destruction of the tissues of around the teeth. As time passes, the bacteria may become hard and create tartar. This can no longer be removed with either flossing or brushing. If left untreated, teeth may loosen as the gums and bone deteriorate, providing less support as they detach themselves.
The signs of Gum Disease
Healthy gums are firm and have a pink appearance. Gums fit tightly to the teeth and bleeding when brushing will not often occur.
The indications of gum disease consist of:
Treatment for Gum Disease
Your dental professional will provide the best treatment options based primarily on each patient’s requirements, condition of the disease and your overall health. Some options for treatment may include both nonsurgical and surgical treatments. The significant objective associated with all treatments of gum disease is to remove the offending bacteria and its toxins. The gums, bone and surrounding oral tissues may then start to heal and firmly reattach to the teeth.
The information provided is for general information purposes only and not intended to replace professional care. Please consult your physician or dentist for advice and diagnoses so you can be properly treated for your specific situation.