Gingivitis is disease and is defined as an inflammation of the gums. This often causes unhealthy bleeding, that may be noted when you brush and floss your teeth. This occurs when there is a build up of plaque (bacteria) which invade the healthy tissues around the teeth. Due to this accumulation, the gums will become irritated and swollen, and this will be the reason that you bleed when you floss/brush your teeth. In some instances you may experience other warning signs such as swelling, red or tender gums, recurring bad breath, a bad taste in the mouth, loose teeth, or a change in the alignment of your teeth when you bite. If you are at this stage of gum disease, the condition is reversible and can be treated; it is very important not to ignore when your gums bleed.
If plaque is not removed, it can build up and ultimately cause the gums to separate and pull away from the teeth. Once this starts occurring, you may start noticing gaps between the teeth and gums where food and germs can become stuck; at this point plaque will harden into tartar. If gingivitis isn’t promptly treated, it can progress into a more severe disease called periodontitis.
The most important way to prevent gingivitis is to ensure that you maintain good oral hygiene. This includes flossing and brushing your teeth at least twice daily. As well as maintaining your scheduled professional dental cleanings and check ups.
The information provided is for general information purposes only and not intended to replace professional care. Please consult your physician or dentist for advice and diagnoses so you can be properly treated for your specific situation.